Diagnosed bladder sludge, still passing "gummy worms&am

Canuckenstein

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 8:44 am


Hi everyone, sorry for the miserable first post. I know my Little Mouse has sludge and we cleared up a bladder infection too. We've tried to change his diet to low calcium, are hand feeding water and he passes the typical sandy-sludge.

My question, that has not been answered by anyone, is what exactly are these "gummy worms"? They're mineral sand in nature and if left for one day they dehydrate to half the size. This one is 4cm long and maybe 2.5mm wide. They have the consistency of a slightly hard gummy worm, but are more brittle, like soft cartilage. One forms every 3-4 days, ranging from 1.5cm to 4cm.

Other details, 2.5 weeks ago we began antibiotics and the UTI cleared up normally. 1.5 weeks ago Little Mouse was in such pain we went back to the vet and he pulled out the first gummy worm and prescribed Loxicom (Meloxicam). LM then passed a lot of sandy pee and has been on the pain meds ever since.

Passing sand and these things is extremely painful for him and like all of you, I don't want him to suffer if there's something we can do... and if there's nothing we can do? :(

Little Mouse is 2 years old, male, tortoise shell short hair of no fancy lineage and is not castrated.

My vet isn't a specialist and did not know the answers. Obviously answers can vary depending on the pig, but any one with experience with these "gummy worms", or a proper name for them, would be appreciated:

1. What are these?
2. Will they go away?
3. How long does a case of sludge take to clear up?

Thanks, sorry for the rambling, we've been doing 24/7 water and feedings and checking for the last 1.5 weeks and are exhausted.

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Edit: The "head" of the worm forms outside his penis, from dripping urine I assume. The smooth part is inside. I grab the head and can pull it out. Let me know if you need more detail, but I'd love to talk to anyone who knows about these things.

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Jessie
Supporter in '13

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 9:06 am


Could it be dried boar glue?

I'm taking a stab in the dark as 99% of my knowledge is from caring for girls. Someone who knows more about boys is bound to answer.

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clairey

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 9:12 am


That is absolutely 'boar glue' or ejaculate to be more technical. Nothing at all to worry about. If he's not great about cleaning himself up at the time, it might be an idea to keep an eye on him and clean him when necessary but it's totally normal. Is he a young boar? I only ask because it's not something my boars have really had since they were 'teenagers'. Whether they got better at cleaning or just aren't so, um, excitable, I don't know!

bpatters
And got the T-shirt

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 9:14 am


Also called sperm rods, I think.

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sef1268

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 9:20 am


Yep. :)

Canuckenstein

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 9:27 am


... you're telling me he's having wet dreams? :o Thanks, now we probably need a family psychiatrist and not a vet ;P

Seriously though: He's 2 years old so he's a bit past the teenager stage. These are pretty painful for him since they're happening with passing sand. It seems like he cannot urinate while one is in there. He just strains and cries until it gets far enough out for us to remove.

Is that normal for sperm rods? Could it be related to the pain or the process of passing all the sludge? Do you think the pain meds are err, relaxing his inhibitions?

What do you guys recommend, just continuing with the pain meds, a low calcium diet and wait and see at this point?

Canuckenstein

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 9:52 am


Addendum to previous post: Castration looks like a viable treatment? Anyone with experience on this?

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sef1268

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 9:57 am


What exactly is his diet, pellet-wise and veggie-wise?

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Lynx
RESIST

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 10:00 am


Your photos are nice and crisp. Let me know if I can add them permanently to your thread so they will be available to other readers in the distant future.

You mention sand. When your boar pees, do you see whitish gritty calcium deposits? You might want to read this page and review your diet.

gl/stones.html

Canuckenstein

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 11:04 am


We know all about diet, stones, sludge, kidneys and acceptable antibiotics and painkillers now :) I've always had boars and never seen this problem, so only now did I have to get up to speed!

I just knew that something else was up.

His diet *has been* Oxbow pellets, unlimited timothy hay, and his main treats are cukes, with fresh grass and dandelions in season and things like lettuce, parsley, basil, apple, celery, etc. all in moderation because our boys are fat. We never strictly monitored the calcium intake because it wasn't a problem. This summer perhaps dandelions, clover and other "bad things" were probably more frequent. Anyhow.

*Now* his diet is much more selective. Limited pellets, no high calcium dandelions or parsley, etc., a bit of cranberry juice every day to help the UTIs, wetted timothy hay, and wet treats like watermelon to encourage more water intake. All in moderation, of course.

Please, do add the photos. Maybe, if you can, also add stupid key words for this problem too. I had a really hard time searching because I was assuming that this was a mass of pus + grit from the first infection and sludge problems. Stupid terms like: worms, string, white spaghetti thing, etc.

We'll be looking in to castration tomorrow. We know of at least one exotic specialist vet in the area.

Thanks again everyone, your fast replies were really wonderful!

Edit: Or actually, why isn't this a photo featured problem under medical and health? I checked GuineaLynx first, but only got stones and sludge! You guys are THE resource, you know ;)

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Jessie
Supporter in '13

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 7:55 pm


For low calcium you need to cut out Dandelion, Parsley and Celery as they're all high calcium content.

Maybe try cutting out pellets too. It made a massive difference for us. We tried Oxbow pellets, and they gave more sludge than the Burgess we were using. We're now pellet free and seeing the best results yet. Here's our diet and regime.

bpatters
And got the T-shirt

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 8:56 pm


Ditto Jessie. It wasn't until I cut out pellets altogether that I got the calcium under control. And I was using KMS pellets, which don't have limestone as their calcium source.

I don't the the cranberry juice will do anything. In humans, it makes the urine slightly more acidic, but herbivores don't have acidic urine to start with. My theory is that you'd have to give a LOT of cranberry juice to tip it over to the acidic side. That's just my theory, mind you, and I have no way to prove it.

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Lynx
RESIST

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 9:49 pm


With humans, the cranberry juice does not cure anything but may help prevent the occurence of UTIs about half the time.

Canuckenstein, feel free to add any searchable words you care to, to this thread. They all get added in to the database. If you can come up with an appropriate place to add this to the guide, feel free to make any suggestions. I'll go add your photos.

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sef1268

Post   » Thu Aug 29, 2013 11:00 pm


Not sure I agree that celery is too high in calcium. Current data lists it at 40mg/100g, whereas green leaf lettuce is fairly close at 36mg/100g. Unless you're feeding a ton of it, I don't really see a problem with it.

Pellets, on the other hand, I do agree with.

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Lynx
RESIST

Post   » Fri Aug 30, 2013 9:56 am


On my chart, it looks like the calcium content is about what many leafy greens are, per calorie intake. Unless you are seeing excess calcium deposits (which have been observed for pigs eating romaine, for some reason), I wouldn't discount it. But I also don't think of it as being particularly nutritious.

gl/chart.html

Canuckenstein

Post   » Fri Aug 30, 2013 2:00 pm


Thanks again all. After passing that sperm rod yesterday he has been fine, passing normal urine and being positively perky and himself. It'll get worse again, but we meet with the vet on Monday to discuss solutions and long term plans.

We have already gotten more strict with his diet in the last two weeks. Their diet was fairly low calcium and restricted because of their likes and dislikes; neither like things like berries, herbs, lettuce or juicy fruits. They both get gas from some vegetables and they hate that Oxbow herbal flowery mix and dried vegetables.

Oxbow pellets and fresh dandelion, parsley and whatnot in summer were the biggest repeat offenders. It makes sense that this acted up at the end of summer.

Keywords: White lump under foreskin, thing sticking out of penis, lumpy white penis blob, pulling white thing from penis.

Where to put this in Medical? I think it's a good differential diagnosis item for: UTI, Bladder Stones, Impaction (penis cleaning would be the idea place). The symptoms of straining, no urine, discomfort, not eating are the same.

Under normal care? Under What's Normal, maybe a line under Sexing and any place male-specific care is mentioned.

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Lynx
RESIST

Post   » Fri Aug 30, 2013 5:43 pm


I like the idea of adding it to the impaction area talking about penis cleaning. I may be able to stick it in somwhere else too (perhaps linking to the impaction area).

Have to make dinner. Will try to remember to do this within a week.

Canuckenstein

Post   » Sat Aug 31, 2013 1:26 am


Fabulous! Bon appetite! It's early morning here in Finland so there's coffee brewing, eggs boiling and toast poppin' :)

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Lynx
RESIST

Post   » Sun Sep 22, 2013 1:32 pm


Just a note to say I finally added a Records forum entry for this (with your pictures):
http://www.guinealynx.info/records/viewtopic.php?t=212

I added a separate entry on the normal page ("Boar Glue"), added some info on the impaction page in the cleaning the penis area and also a differential diagnosis for a uti.

Canuckenstein

Post   » Sat Nov 02, 2013 4:04 pm


Update on Little Mouse!

We went to the "good vet" who confirmed that this was a hormonal imbalance causing over production of sperm. We schedules a castration and it went well; the next day he looked better than he had in weeks!

In the first few weeks he had a few isolated incidents of passing the leftover sperm rods. It has been 2 months and they seem to be gone (at least, any that he passes do not require assistance).

His pee is a bit sandy at times, but that is something he may always have and that we watch his diet for.

Today he did something to his front leg and is favouring it. When I poked him there was no sharp pain reaction and he's acting completely normally other than the sore leg. Probably a pulled muscle. I gave him a low dose of painkiller and locked him up for the night.

Poor Little Mouse. He can't catch a break! He'll be fine, yet again.

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