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You can dilute Nolvasan to cleanse a wound; just dilute it, such as 20 parts water to 1 part Nolvasan. Use full-strength to clean the floor.
Note: it appears that the veterinary formulation has changed to chlorhexidine diacetate. Same idea, though.
You know, in the past we had two situations - a mammary tumour with area of tissue that had opened, and a ruptured cyst - we needed to keep surrounding tissue clean. We did use Novalsan at one point years back when given by vet, but since we have used diluted hibiclens and/or diluted betadine. Had read hibiclens has a bit longer lasting power as an antimicrobial than betadine, but that when interchanging the two there is less chance of resistant strains of bacteria. We never had infection for our boy with the open mammary tumour (was over a few months as was hard for tissue to heal while he was laying on it, and because he was so much older), and the cyst for our other boy was also maintained and healed nicely with cleansings. Otherwise, tend to use salt water soaks as well for cleansing and wound or tissue healing.
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Chlorhex is a powerful topical antimicrobial but can be very drying. We'll use a diluted chlorhex solution, or diluted Betadine, interspersed occasionally while primarily using sterile saline.
He's been acting normal, monitoring for blood and sludge alternating white and dark blankets throughout the day, only about a cm sludge noticed once. Have not heard much grunting (I believe one very undertoned grunt yesterday and he was just eating when I peeked), but it is very random anyway. Going to run some urines on all of them when we get the strips.
We are using Oxbow Cavy Cuisine and KMS Hayloft TC pellets primarily, with a couple of natural treat kibbles that I use sparingly and primarily for the other boys when I do, though I have not refreshed kibbles as frequently in order to promote the hay consumption. I drop hay in 15-20 times a day anyway, so is never an issue, just they are probably relying on it a bit more. Also, I give them 3/4 tsp of crit care twice a day as a treat (notice it's lower in calcium than the kibbles). What kibble(s) has the absolute lowest calcium, but still the necessary nutrients?
bpatters, going pelletless, is that recommended for those with stones mostly? What are the main foods you offer? I did find a bit of sludge again under our boy and have been decreasing most calcium-rich foods. Just want to get the right amount of nutrition in with however our guys eat, and keep stools from shifting to soft.
- And got the T-shirt
Daily, mine get red or green leaf lettuce, carrot, bell pepper, belgian endive, radicchio, summer squash, young green beans, and tomato. Every day that I can find some, they get corn husks and silks.
They also get a vitamin C supplement, at my vet's insistence, because one of them was losing weight and her coat looked poor. He believes in supplementation for older pigs, and they're nearly six. I also give them an Oxbow Urinary Support tablet daily -- I have no idea whether or not that helps.
I also give them Oasis Multivitamin Drops for Guinea Pigs a couple of times a week. I know we have to be careful with multivitamins, but figure a little won't hurt and may help since they're missing all the stuff that would be in pellets.
Right now I am primarily concerned about his skin and a recent urine test which showed blood in urine.
Skin - I had noticed a bit of flaking on skin of his trunk/back. Occasionally when brushing have found some hair coming loose with or without pieces of skin attached. Have been working on his skin lately and his hair has been intact since, so not sure if the earlier was just loose hair he couldn't reach while grooming. The skin looks clear, other than some tiny dry areas and occasional dandruff, and occasionally some tiny almost scab-like patches in various locations as I'm working through his hair. Skin is intact below when these patches are removed and doesn't appear to have been open prior. He doesn't scratch himself in general, but have noticed now a few times when touching certain areas on his back or lower side that he will contort to try to scratch or bite the area I touched and appear to have almost a temporary seizure. Immediately, I was worried about mites, but don't know how he could have been exposed to mites, unless at vet office, last being a couple of years ago. Had started with monistat incase any chance of fungal infection. If you think there is any chance of mites, would probably rather try ivermectin at home rather than skin scraping (if this is not always conclusive anyway). Or perhaps it is just dry skin. I can try to post photo.
Blood in urine - this was based on one test, so need to try to get another, harder to get clean urine from him. He does squeak at times while trying to remove impacted poop, so cannot be sure if any of this could point to sludge/stones as it's inconsistent. If we are to visit doctor, I think we'll have an ultrasound or xrays. I've checked penis for sludge and a little is occasionally there along with softer white material, but not often do I find sludge spots on his blankets. UTI was another concern. Took his temp and it was 99.5 two days ago. Am thinking there was possibly trace protein in urine (this one I hadn't recorded as was multitasking), so will get another urine.
Eyes - he had what appeared to be ulceration of R eye, had applied Terramycin ointment to it for a week. He was not squinting, but surface of eye was not uniformed. Thought to add it as precaution. He does still have white spot over R pupil now, but surface of eye looks more smooth. Incidentally, he's had a pale white ring around the colour of his L eye for some time. Am wondering if age-related changes or otherwise. Vision doesn't seem to be significantly (or at all) impaired.
Mobility - he has always preferred to stay in his shell (igloo) or within a hay pile, his safe places when he wanted to be away from his brother who was at times bossy. I do worry about how this has affected his joints. He does walk normally and I have right along removed the shell often to encourage him to move around. With his age, am especially focused on him moving around more, for joints, muscles, heart, moving sludge out, intestinal tract, and to keep him from sitting in pee/poop. His blankets get changed several times a day and I occasionally need to clean lower abdomen or backend.
Would you have any thoughts on the skin or urine findings? Thank you!
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They don't have to 'come' from anywhere -- they are present in very small numbers, and the pig's body keeps them under control, unless they flare up, much like many of the microbes, parasites and fungal stuff that the human body carries around and deals with.
Have you seen any occult blood, or just subclinical on the test strips? I'd consider an x-ray for sludge or developing stones, especially since he's male.
I haven't seen occult blood, at least obvious from rectum or in poop, but the urine stains seemed a bit browner, which is why I decided to test urine. I did ask doctor's office today about running a hemoccult and she said she didn't know if this is done, but it could probably be ordered, would be sent out if so. I'll try to get a clean urine from him as well to have a UA run. And think the xray is a good idea since we're seeing this stuff in urine at least. When I took him in for U/S in Apr 2015, he was neg for stones at that time (that was the time I'd found a hardened piece of sludge wrapped halfway around his penis and worried something more could be happening in his bladder). He does have a gritty feel at times to the white material around his penis when I wipe it off. I usually rub it between my fingers to check, so I know he's not out of the woods. But am hopeful he's getting that stuff out regularly with pee. I need to get him moving around more to help with that.