The swelling was down on her foot some, probably partly because the vet used a pressure bandage up and down. She said when there is even pressure over the whole foot it helps with the swelling. Supposedly you don't want it tight on the ankle but if it's the whole foot, help helps. I tried to make it slightly firmer since it still seemed bloody though it was not actively bleeding when I wrapped it.
FYI, I was also encouraged to cut a small, perhaps 1/2" square piece of a Kendall Telfa "ouchless" Non-Adherent pad. This is something like the pad under a standard bandage and soaks up the blood. Then wrapped with gauze and a breathable tape, this time the whole foot.
The vet used one of those stretchy semi-adhesive bandage material that comes on a roll over the gauze. You can unpeel it pretty easily. The tape I use has to be cut off.
I think the worst thing about this is I don't really know what happened. If this is bumblefoot, I have pretty good living circumstances, she gets around (the fastest or at least most slippery pig). All the standard cautions, in my opinion, don't apply. The hay is the only thing that could have cut her foot. There just isn't anything else. And if this happened without a cut, I have no idea how to cure it or prevent it from happening again.
But thanks to you all for letting me know about those curved tip syringes. They really are perfect for flushing an abscess.
I believe there are 2 causes/types. One is caused by bacteria and one is caused by poor circulation (look to the heart).
Again, many of my heart pigs have had bumblefoot.
I've been reading around. Fat rabbits and rabbits that pound their hind feet get pododermatitis. I'm going to rearrange my pigs' living situation as there is a shelf they jump up and down from that is 7" high. They don't have to use that route but can instead jump into the bathroom and then up or down. They jump down on a rubber matt (under a cloth) but this may possibly aggravate Nina's problem. I'm going to try to do something more padded and stepped. A pic of their living situation on this page: www.guinealynx.info/my-pigs.html I'll try any arrangement if it might help poor Nina.
Take away your pigs chance to use their leg muscles by jumping and you will contribute to them getting less muscle work-out. My vet has researched bumble foot heavily because of our pigs. She has also consulted other vets about it. Her conclusion was that no one really knows enough about it.
My last severe case of bumble foot was Poppy. She pretty much permanently wore bandages on her hindfeet. The feet would heal and look great and reulcerate as soon as she no longer had support (binding her feet). We recently lost her after a molar filing. Autopsy showed 2 different kinds of heart disease. No chance of good circulation with a heart in as bad shape as hers was. Her bumblefoot had absolutely nothing to do with the causes outlined in that link.
Considering vets are only just now even recognizing that pigs can have heart disease, it comes as no surprise to me that they wouldn't think to attribute a possible cause of bumblefoot to poor circulation.
I think all of the Hollister pigs who had bumblefoot (and there certainly were many of them) fall into the category in Dr. N.'s article. They were kept in atrocious conditions.
But I'd agree that Nina couldn't possibly have bumblefoot from any of those conditions. I'm betting the farm, Lynx, that your pig room is pretty darn sanitary.
I was searching on heart and pododermatitis. Google has severe limitations. I was hoping to turn up something in any species.
I may be seeing a human podiatrist in the next couple weeks or so. I'll try to find out if there is a link between heart and foot problems in humans (I wouldn't be surprised).
I do think what you say makes sense, Pinta. But at the moment she has none of the other problems you mention like frequent uri's weight loss, noticeable bad breathing. I figure I should be trying to heal this ulcer before bringing this up as a possibility. I don't know this vet and she may be reluctant to try a heart medication without more indication of definite problems.
Pinta, you say you have some pigs with permanent bumblefoot? If there is no ulceration, do you do anything?