However, we had him to the vets over this passed weekend for his normal nail trimming and follow-up and I mentioned Chestnut had been moaning on and off when urinating, so another urine test was done. Monday the bleeding started again. The results have come back and it’s confirmed he has another bladder infection. He’s been put back on Nitrofurantoin and Metacam to clear it up.
Other then the on and off bleeding he is very active and vocal, eats and voids as normal and his weight hasn't dropped. His diet consists of romaine lettuce, baby carrots, parsley, red peppers and dandelions twice daily. He also gets the following random treats: green beans, cucumber, celery, corn flakes, cheerios, rice crispies, orange slices, apples, bananas. He gets and eats a lot of timothy hay daily and drinks a lot of water. He also loves wood chew toys and paper rolls without any glue markings. His bedding is pine chips and is fully cleaned out every 3 days.
Any idea what could be causing these infections to reoccur suddenly like this and what I can do to prevent them? I have read many posts regarding this issue and nothing seems to help him. I’ve even tried altering his diet. I’m willing to try anything at this point. I’ve had Chestnut since he was 6 weeks old and I hate to see him suffering. I have 2 other piggies that are so far doing very well.
Another thing I heartily recommend is reviewing what kind of bedding you are using. Look at evirotiles (alternate bedding) in the cavy care guide. www.guinealynx.info/bedding.html I'm having some success with a high quality berber material that allows the pee to drain away quickly. Trim butt hairs. What you want is the butt area to stay as clean and dry as possible to prevent bacteria from building up.
I would normally like the idea of the floor mats, but Chestnut loves to burrow under anything and I’m afraid he’ll catch a nail in the little holes the mats have. I will order some for my 1 pig (Stevie) that doesn’t burrow though - he is blind and deaf, so doesn’t seem to burrow since he likes everything to always remain the same, especially under his feet. My baby pig (Stinker) burrows as well. Would using towels changed daily help instead? We used them right after Chestnuts surgery and he didn’t seem to mind the change. He doesn’t mind being hand fed either, so that isn’t an issue.
Use unsweetened cranberry juice and dilute.
Some fleece wicks moisture away and works placed on top of envirotiles. You don't want any moisture in contact with his penis. By the way, is his penis fully retracted? Sometimes gunk gets around the shaft preventing full retraction and exposing him to contaminates.
His penis is fully retracted, I double checked this morning after his breakfast. I did notice a small piece of wood chip attached so I carefully removed it with a Q-tip. That was also something our vet checked for each visit too.
They are not even close to wire.
We lay ours over wood pellets.
We also tried the diluted cranberry juice which he refused to drink so we switched back to diluted apple juice, he refused to eat the fresh cranberries and blueberries even though my other pigs loved them. He would just throw them out of his bowl and ignore them, even trying to hand feed his the berries didn’t work.
Anything else I can try, or suggestions on what else could be causing the bleeding to continue?
How about using bactrim?
The apple juice is unsweetened and diluted, is that still too sugary for him? It's what his Vet suggested we give him to get him to drink more. I'm a diabetic and can drink small amounts of it without any problems. We only add enough juice for flavour to encourage him to drink it. It's maybe a 1:4 ratio.
Question...are you rechecking a culture 5-7 days after finishing the antibiotic to make sure the infection is really gone? If it's not, that could be part of why he's ending up with resistant infections.
Lynx, what other types of juice can I try him on since cranberry juice didn’t appeal to him?
Stevie was pure snow white with the bright pink eyes. Sadly, Stevie died last night after a long battle with teeth problems and inbreeding genetic problems – which is why we adopted him over a year ago, they were going to put him to sleep since they couldn’t adopt him out and even our Vet didn’t think he would make it beyond a couple of weeks. He certainly surprised us all, his toothless grin (missing front teeth) brought many laughs and his charming personality warmed everyone’s hearts, especially my daughters since Stevie became her “baby”.
I am so sorry about Stevie. You gave him a good home and hope. It sounds like he was a lethal with genetic problems. See micropthalmia on the eye page for more: www.guinealynx.info/eyes.html
But for now I have 2 other piggies who need our attention, love and care so we will concentrate on that and getting Chestnut feeling better. Stinker didn’t seem to enjoy her floor time this afternoon since Stevie wasn’t there to play with, so we might think about getting her a new playmate while she is still young. Not for a while though. Ironically we got Stinker in November as a playmate for Stevie.
We really don’t know what else we can do to help him since Nitrofurantoin is the only AB he doesn’t seem to react badly to. He’s still eating very well, drinking lots, playing and being himself. If it wasn’t for the bleeding, I’d swear there was nothing wrong with him.
This all started just before his bladder stone removal surgery the end of October and he just cant seem to fully recover. It seems the bleeding starts getting worse as soon as his daily dose of Metacam starts to wear off. Within an hour of the next dose the bleeding either stops completely or slows down a lot.
Is there anything else we can look for that might be causing the problem that we’re over looking?